For a Windows user, the Linux file structure can be, and often is, quite confusing. From the start, the beginning of the root system is quite different.
In Windows, the root starts with the physical hard drive location, most often “C:/”. In Linux, however, the root is a logical location marked simply as “/”.
In Windows, we have drives, files, and folders. In Linux, everything is represented as being a file. The file system structure in Linux is defined by a so-called “Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS)”
What follows are the Linux directories and their corresponding uses and functions.